Shorthorn cattle were developed as a breed in the late 1700’s, along the England/Scotland border lands. The first Shorthorn Herd Book was established in 1822. These hardy cattle were developed with larger frames and superior mothering ability. They produced above average quantities of milk and made powerful, docile oxen. These first forward thinking cattle breeders developed a breed which was destined to make a huge impact on the international scene. Shorthorn genetics have influenced most modern breeds of cattle.